Glioma is a type of tumor that develops in the brain and spinal cord. Throat support cells (glial cells) surround nerve cells and help them function. Glioma begins in glial supporting cells.
Three types of glial cells can cause tumors. Gliomas are classified according to the type of glial cell involved in the tumor as well as the genetic characteristics of the tumor, which can help predict how the tumor will function over time and most likely lead to treatment.
Types of gliomas include the following:
Astrocytomas, including astrocytomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, and glioblastomas
Ependymoma, including anaplastic epidemoma, myxopapillary epidemoma, and subpendimoma
Oligodendroglioma, including oligodendroglioma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, and anaplastic oligoastrocytoma
Glioma, depending on its location in the brain and how fast it grows, can affect brain function and be dangerous.
Glioma is one of the most common types of primary brain tumors.
Determining the type of glioma helps determine the patient’s treatment and prognosis. In general, glioma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, target therapy, and experimental clinical trials.